Standards are a form of technical infrastructure, and their influence is felt throughout the electronics industry. For example, formed in 1924, the Electronic Industries Alliance (EIA) was an American standards organization that established an alliance of trade associations in the United States electronics manufacturing industry. Their collaboration ensured that electronic equipment produced by different manufacturers was compatible and interchangeable. The EIA formally dissolved in February 2011, dividing by sector.
The Electronic Components, Assemblies, Equipment, and Supplies Association (ECA) continued to develop standards for passive and electromechanical (IP&E) components, overseeing details like direct component marking, data modeling, color-coding, and packaging. All other component standards were expected to be managed by their respective industry sectors. Also in 2011, the ECA merged with the National Electronic Distributors Association (NEDA) to form the Electronic Components Industry Association (ECIA). Today, the ECIA still supports EIA standards development for passive and electromechanical electronic components.